botanical garden

Butterflies of Southern Ontario and NE US

I try to encourage Bees and Butterflies and any other bug to live in my yard. Here are some Butterflies and Moths that I've photographed.

I choose plants and flowers that attract insects.

Each year I collect monarch butterfly eggs to raise and release them. In nature only a very small proportion of eggs laid ever become butterflies. Here is a link to my Monarch pages.

newly hatched black swallowtail butterfly Swallowtail butterfly

Newly emerged black swallowtail. They lay eggs in the fennel I grow for them. The brown liquid is hydrolic fluid they use to get the wings to expand.

newly hatched black swallowtail butterfly Swallowtail caterpillar

He spent some time just slowly moving his wings, then flew off. The caterpillar is a wonderful big colourful character. The smaller one is much youger.

Swallowtail caterpillar horns Swallowtail cocoon

If you gently touch the caterpillar, he brings out bright orange horns and puts a very smelly substance on your finger.

They live on fennel, carrots, queen anne's lace, parsley and other members of the carrot family.

The cocoon can take several weeks to hatch or only a few days. I don't know what causes them to wait longer. It's not just temperature.


butterfly Swallowtail caterpillar
butterfly moth
butterfly hummingbird-moth

I get these wonderful hummingbird moth in the bee balm and on the butterfly bushes. I have more photos here.


lavender with cabbage butterflies yellow cabbage butterflies
butterfly

There are always lots of yellow cabbage butterflies. The caterpillar is a very popular snack for the birds. They patrol my vegetable garden very carefully.

The butterflies often go to the soil pile. Maybe they are getting minerals.


butterflies butterflies butterflies butterflies
butterflies monarch butterflies butterflies butterflies

Monarch butterflies lay eggs on the milkweed. That's the only plant that can feed the caterpillars. The adults eat pollen and nectar from many different flowers though. I collect the eggs and hatch them inside. That way a much larger number of butterflies grow up. Here is my page on monarch raising from eggs


butterflies butterflies
butterflies butterflies
butterflies butterflies
butterflies butterflies
butterflies butterflies
butterflies

You can't have butterflies and moth without caterpillars. If you look carefully they are everywhere. This year there was a tremendous ball of caterpillars collected on a hickory tree. They are in the same family as tent caterpillars but they don't make tents.

The admiral caterpillar looks like bird poop.

Woolly bears are great travellers. They crawl over the paths and always seem to have somewhere to go.



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